Richard Kraus

  • Program Years: 2008-2012
  • Academic Institution: Harvard University
  • Field of Study: Planetary Science
  • Academic Advisor: Sarah Stewart
  • Practicum(s):
    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (2010)
  • Degree(s):
    PhD., Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, 2013
    MSci., Applied Physics, Harvard University, 2013
    Mphil, Physics, University of Cambridge, UK, 2008
    B.S. Physics, University of Nevada at Reno, 2007
  • Current Status

  • Research Area: Shock Physics, Planetary Science, and Geophysics
  • Contact Information: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Publications

Submitted
T. Qi, M. Millot, R.G. Kraus, S. Root, and S. Hamel, Optical and Transport Properties of Dense Liquid Silica, submitted to Physical Review B.

A. E. Gleason, C. Bolme, H.J. Lee, B. Nagler, E. Galtier, D. Milathianaki, J. Eggert, J. Hawreliak, D. Fratanduono, R.G. Kraus, G. Collins, W. Yang, and W. L. Mao, Crystallization Kinetics Under Shock Compression, under review at Nature.

R.G. Kraus, S. Root, R.W. Lemke, S.T. Stewart, S.B. Jacobsen, T.R. Mattsson, Shock Thermodynamics of Iron and Impact Vaporization of Planetesimal Cores, in revision at Nature Geoscience.

Refereed Publications:

R.G. Kraus, S. T. Stewart, M. G. Newman, R. E. Milliken, N. J. Tosca, Uncertainties in the shock devolatilization of hydrated minerals: A nontronite case study, JGR– Planets, V118, 1-9, doi:10.1002/jgre.20147, 2013.

R.G. Kraus, S. T. Stewart, D. C. Swift, R. Smith, S. Hamel, B. D. Hammel, D. G. Hicks, J. H. Eggert, G. W. Collins, C. A. Bolme, D. K. Spaulding, “Shock Vaporization of Silica and the Thermodynamics of Planetary Impact Events”, in press at J. Geophysical Research – Planets, 2012.

R.G. Kraus and S.T. Stewart, "Impacts onto H2O Ice: Scaling Laws for Melting, Vaporization, Excavation, and Final Crater Size", Icarus, Vol 214, 724-738, (2011)

R.G. Kraus, S.T. Stewart, A. Seifter, A.W. Obst, "Shock and Post-Shock Temperatures in an Ice-Quartz Mixture: Implications for Melting During Planetary Impact Events", Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol 289, 162-179, (2010) DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.11.002

R.G. Kraus, D.J. Chapman, W.G. Proud, and D.C. Swift "Hugoniot and Spall Strength Measurements of Porous Aluminum", J. Appl. Phys. 105, 114914 (2009)

D.C. Swift, R.G. Kraus, E. Loomis, D.G. Hicks, J.M. McNaney, and R.P. Johnson, "Shock Formation and the Ideal Shape of Ramp Compression Waves", Phys. Rev. E, 78, 066115 (2008)

Swift, D.C. and Kraus, R.G., "On the Properties of Plastic Ablators in Laser-Driven Material Dynamics Experiments", Phys. Rev. E, vol 77, 066402,(2008)

R.G. Kraus, E.D. Emmons, J.S. Thompson, and A.M. Covington, "Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy of Polycarbonate under High pressure", Journal of Polymer Science, Part B, Polymer Physics, 46, 734-742 ( 2007).

E.D. Emmons, R.G. Kraus, S.S. Duvvuri, J.S. Thompson, and A.M. Covington, "High-Pressure Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy of Poly (Methyl Methacrylate)", Journal of Polymer Science, Part B, Polymer Physics, 45, 358-367 (2007).

A.M. Covington, S.S. Duvvuri, D. Calabrese, R.G. Kraus, W.W. Williams, J.S. Thompson, D.L. Carpenter, R.D. Collier, T.J. Kvale and V.T. Davis, "Measurements of partial cross sections and photoelectron angular distributions for the photodetachment of Fe¯ and Cu¯ at visible photon wavelengths visible photon energies", Phys. Rev. A, 75, 022711 (2007).

A.M. Covington, R.G. Kraus, V.T. Davis, S. Duvvuri, C. Cisneros, E.D. Emmons, M.S. Gulley, D. Hanstorp,J.S. Thompson and D.J. Pegg, "Inner-Shell Photodetachment of K," J. Phys. B., 40, 935-942 (2007).


Conference Proceedings:

Production of rare-earth atomic negative ion beams in a cesium-sputter-type negative ion source, V.T. Davis, A.M. Covington, S.S. Duvvuri, E.D. Emmons, R.G. Kraus and J.S. Thompson, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on the Application of Accelerators in Research and Industry, Fort Worth Texas, accepted for publication, Nuclear Instruments and Methods B (Oct 2006).

Contributed Papers:

"Thermodynamics of Impacts onto Icy Mixtures: Peak and Post-Shock Temperature Measurements in an Ice-Sand Mixture," R.G. Kraus and S.T. Stewart. LPSC XL, abstract no. 2508, (2009)

"Experiment and Simulations of Ablatively Driven Shock Waves in Gadolinium Metal," Richard Kraus, Eric Loomis, Shengnian Luo, Achim Seifter, and Damian Swift, SCCM Conference, (June 2007)

"High Pressure Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy of Polycarbonate," R. G. Kraus, E. D. Emmons, J. S. Thompson and A. M. Covington, March Meeting of the APS, Denver Co (March 2007).

"Photodetachment of Tb-," Srividya Duvvuri, A.M. Covington, V. Davis, E.D. Emmons, R.G. Kraus and J.S. Thompson, Annual Meeting of the Division of Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics of the American Physical Society, Knoxville TN (2006).

"Turn-by-Turn Imaging of the Transverse Beam Profile in PEP-II," Alan S. Fisher, Mark Petree, Richard Kraus, Yat-Shan Au, Benny Chan.
12th Beam Instrumentation Workshop at Fermilab, Batavia, Il (2006)

"Non-contact optical techniques for strain measurement," A.M. Covington, E.D. Emmons, R.G. Kraus and J.S. Thompson, 10th International Workshop on Nonlinear Elasticity in Materials X IWNEM, 24-30 July 2005, Taormina Sicily.

"Dynamic Studies of Phase Transitions in f-electron Materials Using Photoluminescence Spectroscopy," E.D. Emmons, T. Cowan, S. Duvvuri, G. Kaplan, R.G. Kraus, K.R. McCall, G. Mishra, J.S. Thompson and A.M. Covington, APS Shock Compression of Condensed Matter 2005.

Awards

UNR, College of Science, Young Alumni of the Year, 2014
APS-SCCM, Outstanding Student/Post-doc Award, 2014
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Lawrence Postdoctoral Fellowship, 2014
AGU, Mineral and Rock Physics, Graduate Research Award, 2012
High Pressure Gordon Research Conference, Jamieson Award, 2012
Harvard GSAS Merit Fellowship, 2012
Lunar and Planetary Institute, Career Development Award, 2011
AGU, Mineral and Rock Physics Outstanding Student Paper Award Winner, 2010
Shock Compression of Condensed Matter Topical Group, Student Scholarship, 2009
James Mills Peirce Fellowship, 2008
Distinguished Student Performance Award, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL),summer 2006
Outstanding Presentation in Physics, Los Alamos National Laboratory Student Symposium, Summer 2006
Honors Undergraduate Research Award, (UNR), Fall 2006
Leadership Scholarship, National Society of Physics Students, Fall 2006