Code physicist Teresa Bailey says Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Sierra could redefine simulation.
The program will support Norman Yao's research with $875,000 over five years.
Edgar Solomonik will be honored at SC18, the international supercomputing conference.
With faster supercomputers and improved algorithms, scientists are studying a broad range of materials to find useful properties.
Supercomputing power and increasing genomic data are allowing researchers to examine drought tolerance in plants.